考研英语句法总结:从简单句到长难句有哪些?

来源 : 重庆MBA招生考试网 2018-07-15

在做英语题目时,我们会遭遇各类句式。想从根本上掌握好句子结构,就先了解各句型~


简单句


简单句有6个基本句型,它们分别是:


基本句型一:S+V (主+谓)

例:My plan has changed.

基本句型二:S+V+P (主+系+表)

例:The future is looking good.

基本句型三:S+V+DO (主+谓+宾)

例:I expect to return to Guangzhou within a week.

基本句型四:S+V+IO+DO(主+谓+间宾+直宾)

例:He bought me a book.

基本句型五:S+V+DO+OC (主+谓+宾+宾补)

例:I found the sports magazine very interesting.

基本句型六:there be 句型

例:There is a lab building behind the main classroom building.


并列句


并列句与复合句以及特殊句式,我们可以统一称之为——长难句。


英语的并列句我们通常分了4种类型,分别是:

类型一:联合关系

例:He not only gave us a lot of advice,but also helped us to study English.

类型二:选择关系

例:You must go early, otherwise you will miss the bus.

类型三:转折关系

例:She said she would be late, yet she arrived on time.

类型四:因果关系

例:The manager was ill so I went in her place.


复合句


复合句的分支比较复杂,总的来说可分为名词性从句、定语从句状语从句。而这三个分支下面,又可以进一步细分。


01

名词性从句


名词性从句可分为4种类型:

类型一:宾语从句

例:Everybody knows that money doesn't grow on trees.

类型二:表语从句

例:What the police want to know is when you entered the room. 

类型三:主语从句

例:What he says is not important.

类型四:同位语从句

例:She told us her hope that she would become a pianist.


02

定语从句


定语从句可分为限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句。而它们的句子都包括 先行词 + 引导词(某些情况可省略) + 陈述句。友课菌这里着重说下引导词——


引导词可分为2种:

类型一:关系代词

who, whom, whose, that, which, as. 

类型二:关系副词

when, where, why.


03

状语从句


状语从句可分为9个类型:

类型一:时间状语

例:I was doing some cooking when the doorbell rang.

类型二:原因状语

例:His request is unreasonable in that he knows we can not afford it.

类型三:结果状语

例:He is such a clever boy that we all like him.

类型四:条件状语

例:He will play basketball after school if he finishes his work.

类型五:让步状语

例:Whether you go or not tomorrow, we will go outing.

类型六:地点状语

例:Make a mark where you have problems.

类型七:目的状语

例:We got up early in order that we could catch the first bus.

类型八:比较状语

例:They did not come to school as early as we.

类型九:方式状语

例:The light were on as though everyone had left in a hurry.


特殊规则句


除了上述所说的一般规则句法以外,还有一些遵循特殊规则的句子。友课菌列举常见的3个类型。


类型一:倒装句

例:Coal is under the ground, and so is oil.

类型二:强调句

It is a sad heart that never rejoices.

类型三:虚拟句

例:If I were you,I would try my best to grasp the chance.


以上,只是友课菌整理的句法架构,要掌握它们还需要花费很多时间与精力。任重而道远,同学们加油啊!


重庆MBA招生考试服务平台  重庆MBA招生考试网  版权所有 

 联系地址:重庆市沙坪坝区沙正街重庆大学B区  联系电话:023-65398893

Copyright © 2014-2018   CQMBA.ORG   All Rights Reserved 

 渝ICP备16011631号-5     

渝公网安备 50010602500870号